What Are The Common Foot Problems?
Jul 15 2019

Foot pain is often caused by improper functioning of the foot. Ill-fitting shoes can worsen the pain and, sometimes, cause foot problems. Shoes that fit well and give good support can avoid irritation to the foot joints and skin. There are various types of foot problems that affect the heels, toes, tendons, nerves, ligaments, and joints of the foot. Here is a list of some of the commonly faced problems.

Heel Spurs

It is a bone growth on the heel bone and is located below the heel bone where it attaches to the plantar fascia. If the plantar fascia over stretches from running, being overweight, or wearing poor-fitting shoes or pain can result from stress and inflammation of the tissue pulling on the bone. With time, the body builds extra bone due to this stress resulting in heel spurs. The treatment options include:

  • Rest
  • Cold packs
  • Proper stretching before activity
  • Corticosteroid injections
  • Anti-inflammatory medication, such as ibuprofen
  • Proper footwear or shoe inserts
  • Surgery (for more severe, prolonged conditions)

Corn

Corns are yellowish, callus growths that form on top of the toes. They develop either because of abuse or stress. Often, it develops where a toe rubs against the shoe or another toe. Corns can cause huge discomfort and pain. You can avoid this by buying a good-fitting shoe. Treatment may include:

  • Applying pads around the corn area
  • Trimming the corn by removing the layers of dead skin
  • Wearing shoes to comfortably fit your foot without rubbing
  • Surgery

Also Read: Weight Reduction: 5 Tips to Motivate Yourself to Lose Weight

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Bunion

A bunion is a projection of bone or tissue around a joint. They might occur at the base of the great toe or the little toe, and mostly occur when the joint is stressed over an extended period. Bunions occur more in women than in men because they tend to wear tight, pointed, and confining shoes. Further, they can also result from arthritis, which often affects the big toe joint.

Treatment of bunions varies depending on the pain and deformity. Treatment may include:

  • Applying pads to the affected area
  • Medications
  • Wearing comfortable and well-fitting shoes
  • Surgery (for pain, not for cosmetic purposes)
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